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    Norfolk Island Pine

    Araucaria heterophylla

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    Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) at Dutch Growers Garden Centre

    Norfolk Island Pine

    Norfolk Island Pine

    (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

    Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) at Dutch Growers Garden Centre

    Norfolk Island Pine foliage

    Norfolk Island Pine foliage

    (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

    Height:  50 feet

    Spread:  30 feet

    Sunlight:  full sun 

    Hardiness Zone:  9b

    Description:

    A very fine ornamental tree that is pyramidal in habit with a very straight trunk; foliage is soft to touch and finely delicate; an incredible accent tree that is tolerant of most soils; great in containers; does not tolerate frost

    Ornamental Features

    Norfolk Island Pine has attractive light green foliage. The small pointy leaves are highly ornamental and remain light green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant.

    Landscape Attributes

    Norfolk Island Pine is an open evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which can make it a great accent feature on this basis alone.

    This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

    Norfolk Island Pine is recommended for the following landscape applications;

    • Accent
    • Container Planting

    Planting & Growing

    Norfolk Island Pine will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

    This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is not originally from North America.

    Norfolk Island Pine is a fine choice for the yard, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Its large size and upright habit of growth lend it for use as a solitary accent, or in a composition surrounded by smaller plants around the base and those that spill over the edges. Note that when grown in a container, it may not perform exactly as indicated on the tag - this is to be expected. Also note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden. Be aware that in our climate, most plants cannot be expected to survive the winter if left in containers outdoors, and this plant is no exception. Contact our store for more information on how to protect it over the winter months.

    At Dutch Growers, we treat this plant as a "HOBBY PLANT". It is not officially recognized as winter-hardy in our zone 3, however, there is a strong liklihood that it will survive winter. Warranty expires on Nov. 1 season of purchase.

     
     
    Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
    Characteristics
    Accent  Container 
    Applications
    Foliage Color  Texture  Plant Form  Winter Value 
    Ornamental Features

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